I’ve got the basic grasp on Erlang but before I can do anything meaningful I need to learn how to test my code EUnit is the de-facto test framework. There are a ton of great sites that talk about testing with EUnit - I have linked to several at the end of this post. I’m going to focus on the problem I ran into - needing to run some startup and cleanup code around the test suite.

I started by writing a very simple dictionary that lived in it’s own process. The interface is:

start() -> ok
stop() -> ok
write(Key, Element) -> ok
delete(Key) -> ok
read(Key) -> {ok, Value} | not_found

Calling start() spawns and registers the process the dictionary lives in. Calling stop ends the process. The rest do what you expect.

I started by writing some basic tests for each function but I didn’t really think it through. The start test ran somewhere in the middle so all the tests prior to start either failed or timed out (because I was waiting on a receive that would never come since the process wasn’t started). Very quickly I smacked my forehead and said “I need the test suite to have a pre and post function to start and stop the process”.

It took about 15 minutes of reading to realize that I needed to create a test generator with a setup tuple that defined the startup, cleanup and list of tests to run.

Conceptually it was easy to understand but getting the syntax right was a royal pain. Basically you do this (I’m not sure if giving the function arity is the preferred method but it saved some keystrokes so I went with it):

my_db_test_() ->
      fun start/0,
      fun stop/1,
        fun write_new/0,
        fun write_existing/0,
        fun read_existing/0,
        fun read_missing/0,
        fun delete_existing/0,
        fun delete_missing/0

The test methods are exactly what you’d expect so I won’t repeat them. The syntax feels a little foreign and uncomfortable but it’s very easy to understand and I totally get why it’s written this way. I’m just so used to MSTest attributes and RSpec that this new way is going to take a night or two to feel like an old friend.

Some Eunit resources

Prag Dave - Test-First Word Wrap in Erlang

EUnit - a Lightweight Unit Testing Framework for Erlang

EUnit Reference Manual

Getting Started: No Consoles!